The Mars family sits on top of a delicious empire.

They’re the heirs to the candy throne that is Mars Inc., maker of Snickers, Mars Bars, Milky Way Bars, Twix, M&M’s, and more – not to mention a portfolio of PetCare products, drinks, and gum, among others.

The 106-year-old company has helped the Mars family build a reported fortune of $89.7 billion, according to Bloomberg. The six family members who rank on the Forbes 400 list share $72 billion of that fortune, making them America’s third-richest family wealth “dynasty,” according to the Institute for Policy Studies’ “Billionaire Bonanza” report.

Press-shy and limelight-avoidant, the Mars family remains a bit of a mystery. They’ve been known to keep the company “notoriously private,” in the words of Business Insider’s Cadie Thompson. The headquarters have been called “anonymous” by Guardian reporter Andrew Clark.

However, Mars Inc. has more recently started trying to shed its secretive history. During the last few years, the Mars family and company executives have started to speak out.

Here’s what we know about the Mars family and Mars Inc.

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The Mars family’s $89.7 billion fortune is rooted in its family-owned candy empire, Mars Inc. Founder Frank Mars learned to hand-dip chocolates at a young age; in 1911, he began selling candy from his kitchen in Tacoma, Washington.

Foto: sourceAnadolu Agency/Getty Images

During the Depression, founder Frank and wife Ethel became “social luminaries.”

They owned a $20,000 Deusenberg town car and had two getaway homes in Wisconsin and Tennessee.

They also opened their Tennessee getaway home, the Milky Way Farms Racing Stables, to the public for fundraisers and public events. Ethel’s horse won the Kentucky Derby in 1940, securing her “station in mint-julep society.”

Source: Bloomberg, Forbes, Campden FB, Business Insider, Washingtonian

Mars’ son, Forrest Sr., joined the company in 1929.

Foto: sourceTara Ziemba/Getty Images

They made the first chocolate nougat, setting the foundation for Milky Way Bars and Snickers. Forrest Sr. fell out with his father; in 1932, he was given the recipe for the Milky Way Bar to start his own business.

Since then, the company has become known for the eponymous Mars Bar, 3 Musketeers, Twix, and M&Ms. More than 400 million M&Ms are produced in the US every day.

The company’s secrecy dates back to when Forrest Sr. patented the method for Uncle Ben’s rice and American military chiefs tried to overturn the patent to supply troops.

Forrest Sr. reportedly avoided photographers and interviews alike.

Source: Bloomberg, Forbes, Campden FB, The Guardian, Washingtonian, Independent

Unlike his parents, Forrest Sr. was relatively frugal. He raised his children the same way — while they attended exclusive boarding schools, they did chores at home to earn an allowance.

Foto: sourceJMP_Traveler/Shutterstock

However, he did buy a 740-acre farm in Virginia in the 1940s. He and his wife, Audrey, lived apart for a lot of their marriage – she kept a penthouse apartment at The Watergate.

Forrest Sr. has been described as having an “extreme temper,” but was separately praised as “one of this century’s most brilliant and successful entrepreneurs” by Fortune magazine in 1984.

“He was an iconic leader – dedicated and highly respected,” a Mars spokesperson told Business Insider.

Source: Campden FB, The Guardian, Washingtonian, Independent, The New York Times

When Forrest Sr. died in 1999, his children — Jacqueline, John, and Forrest Jr. Mars — inherited a stake in the company.

Foto: Jacqueline Mars.sourceRon Sachs – Pool via Getty Images

Currently, Jacqueline and John co-own, but don’t actively manage, Mars Inc. They have the biggest share of the family fortune, with $24 billion each.

They rank on the Forbes 400 along with Forrest Jr.’s four daughters, who have $6 billion each. The collective fortune of all six is $72 billion, making them the third-richest family “dynasty” in the US, according to the Billionaire Bonanza report.

Source: The Billionaire Bonanza Report, Business Insider

Jacqueline is the only sibling with a lifestyle “close to reflecting her billionaire status,” wrote Jan Pottker for The Washingtonian in 2008.

Foto: sourceLeigh Vogel/Getty

She reportedly listed her estate in New Jersey for $2 million, has a place called Stonehall Farm in Virginia, and maintains her mother’s Watergate penthouse. Like her family, Jacqueline maintains privacy.

In 2013, Jacqueline was involved in a car crash in Loudon County. She was driving her Porsche SUV “when her vehicle crossed the center line and hit an eastbound minivan,” according to authorities, reported the Washington Post.

“According to authorities, Mars told a witness who went to the scene of the accident that she had fallen asleep while driving,” wrote Caitlin Gibson of The Washington Post. “Tests revealed no trace of drugs, alcohol, or medications that could have caused a blackout … Witnesses said that Mars was not speeding or driving erratically before the accident.”

The accident occurred in Loudon County; the driver of the other car lost her unborn son, a passenger died, and other passengers were injured. The victims urged the court not to seek jail time for Jacqueline, who pleaded guilty. She was ordered to pay a $2,500 fine.

“I can’t go back in time. I can’t change what happened,” Mars, who planned to help the family, said in a statement. “I will always live with the grief and loss caused by this tragedy.”

Source: Washingtonian, The Washington Post

Jacqueline and her ex-husband David Badger have three children. Their son, Stephen Badger, is the chairman of Mars Inc.

Foto: Stephen Badger.sourceHollis Johnson/Business Insider

Recently, the company has started to open up about its business to be transparent to consumers and attract talent, Badger told Business Insider.

“For most of our history, in fact … for 99% of our history, we’ve chosen not to be in the public eye and we’ve really wanted our brands to engage consumers. And yet times have changed,” Badger said.

Source: Business Insider, Forbes

Not much is known about Jacqueline’s brother John, but in March 2015, he was made an honorary knight by Queen Elizabeth II.

Foto: sourceJohn Stillwell – WPA Pool/Getty Images

Both he and Jacqueline run the Mars Foundation, which donates to educational, environmental, cultural, and health-related causes. The company also has a volunteer program.

Both John and Forrest Jr. inherited their father’s tendency to avoid the spotlight. And their father’s frugal ways stuck with them: Both brothers reportedly lived in relatively affordable condos.

“When I was growing up it felt very normal,” Forrest Jr.’s daughter, Pamela Mars, told Campden FB. “I didn’t feel different to anybody else. We did chores around the house, we went to school. We didn’t live a different lifestyle to any of my friends.”

Source: Business Insider, Inside Philanthropy, Washingtonian, Campden FB

Jacqueline and John’s brother Forrest Jr. passed away in 2016. His four daughters — Victoria, Valerie, Pamela, and Marijke — each inherited an 8% stake in Mars Inc.

Foto: Victoria Mars.sourceDmitry Astakhov/Getty Images

Victoria, daughter of Forrest Mars Jr., is the former the chair of the board of directors of Mars Inc. A spokesperson for Mars told Business Insider that there are six rotating positions on the board.

Growing up, Pamela lived in Holland and France for several years before moving back to the US for her father’s various Mars Inc. jobs. After graduating from Vassar and a stint working in advertising, Pamela joined the family business as an operations supervisor. She moved up the ranks, and after a sabbatical, became chairman of the board, a position from which she later stepped down.

According to Forbes, Valerie and Marijke both work at Mars and serve on the company’s board of directors.

Source: Forbes, Campden FB, Forbes, Forbes

For years, the family was known for being “notoriously private,” keeping their personal lives and Mars Inc. out of the public eye.

Foto: Mars headquarters not pictured.sourceOrlin Wagner/AP Photos

“The Mars company and the family that owns the candy giant have turned secrecy into a way of life,” wrote Pottker. Morningstar food analyst Mitchell Howard called Mars a “very, very quiet company.”

Nicknamed “the Kremlin,” the Mars Inc. headquarters are based in the Virginia suburbs and have been described as “secretive” and “anonymous.”

Source: Business Insider, Washingtonian, The Guardian

Today, four business segments comprise Mars Inc.: petcare, Mars Wrigley Confectionery, food, and edge.

Foto: sourceWill Burgess/Reuters

In 2008, Mars Inc. branched out from chocolate to gum when it acquired the Wrigley Jr. Company for $23 billion, and it bought Iams and two other pet food brands in 2014 from Procter & Gamble for close to $2.9 billion.

The $35-billion firm is the country’s fifth-largest private business, and it was previously ranked as a best place to work by Fortune magazine.

Mars Inc. can attribute its success to the five principles that Pamela Mars called the bedrock of the company: quality, responsibility, mutuality, efficiency, and freedom.

Source: Washingtonian, Business Insider [1, 2], Fortune, Campden FB, Forbes

While the company has previously been criticized for not giving enough, Mars Inc. says it makes anonymous contributions. In 2012, they donated $5 million to the Smithsonian National Museum of American History for renovations and a new gallery.

Foto: sourceMark Wilson/Getty Images

Jacqueline also supports the US Olympic Equestrian Team and is a trustee of the US Equestrian Team Foundation. She sits on several boards, including the National Sporting Library and Fine Art Museum, the Smithsonian, and the American Prairie Reserve.

According to a Mars spokesperson, she received the first-ever Foundation for the National Archives’ “Heritage Award,” for her support of the National Archives and other arts and cultural institutions in Washington, DC.

She also played a role merging the Opera with John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts and made a multi-year commitment to support the Washington Performing Arts’ programs.

“The family has always believed that the biggest contribution toward the world we want tomorrow is through the good that Mars, Inc. can do every day, and the family reinvests the vast majority of any profit made back into the company,” a company spokesperson told Business Insider.

And in 2017, the company made a $1 billion investment in a sustainability program that will contribute to the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Climate Agreement.

Source: Washington Examiner, Washingtonian, Forbes, Mars Inc.

While the Mars family has remained private over the years, it’s helped them keep their anonymity, Joseph Astrachan, an expert in family enterprises, told The Guardian.

Foto: sourceHollis Johnson/Business Insider

But one thing will always remain private: the company itself.

“The philosophy of the family and the philosophy of the business is that it’s a family business,” Pamela told Campden FB. “More importantly, it’s a privately held business and that’s the way that we’d like to keep it.”

Source: Business Insider, The Guardian, Campden FB