- Amazon founder and CEO Jeff Bezos is the richest person in the world, with an estimated net worth of more than $117 billion. He’s been criticized for not donating more of that wealth.
- The Amazon CEO is the only American among the world’s five richest people who has not signed the Giving Pledge, in which participants promise to give away more than half of their wealth during their lifetimes or in their wills.
- These are the donations Bezos is known to have made since becoming a billionaire in 1997.
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Additional criticism has recently been heaped on Bezos’ charitable ways, particularly after Amazon committed just $690,000 to relief efforts for the Australian wildfires last year. In 2019, Bezos’ ex-wife, MacKenzie Bezos, opted in 2019 to sign the Giving Pledge, in which participants promise to give away more than half of their wealth during their lifetimes or in their wills.
However, among the five richest people in America, Jeff Bezos – who has a net worth of more than $117 billion – is the only one who hasn’t signed on to the philanthropic commitment.
It’s not clear why Bezos has avoided joining the Giving Pledge, an initiative started by Bill Gates and Warren Buffett almost a decade ago. His charitable history has “remained largely a mystery,” The New York Times wrote in 2017 after Bezos posted a “request for ideas” for philanthropy on Twitter.
A nonprofit bearing Bezos' last name, the Bezos Family Foundation, has given millions of dollars to the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle. However, the fund is run entirely by the Amazon CEO's parents and hasn't received contributions from Bezos himself, according to Inside Philanthropy.
Additionally, Bezos had never appeared on the annual list of America's 50 largest donors until 2018, when he took the top spot with the launch of a $2 billion fund for education programs for the homeless. That donation represented about 1.3% of his net worth at the time, Quartz reported.
Here are all the major donations Bezos is known to have given to charity since becoming a billionaire in 1997:
August 2011: $10 million to the Museum of History and Industry in Seattle.
Bezos' $10 million grant was used to establish the museum's Bezos Center for Innovation, which highlights companies that have gotten their starts in Seattle - including Microsoft, Costco, Boeing, and UPS.
The innovation center was officially unveiled in October 2013. The Museum of History and Industry is just a few blocks from Amazon's headquarter near downtown Seattle.
December 2011: $15 million to Princeton Neuroscience Institute.
The $15 million donation went toward creating a center studying neurological disorders at Princeton Neuroscience Institute. The Bezos Center for Neural Circuit Dynamics opened in late 2013 on Princeton's campus in New Jersey.
July 2012: $2.5 million to Washington United for Marriage, a same-sex-marriage advocacy group.
Jeff and MacKenzie Bezos, who were still married at the time, donated $2.5 million to a group called Washington United for Marriage. The group was raising funds for a campaign for Referendum 74, a state referendum that would legalize same-sex marriage in Washington if approved.
The donation from the Jeff and MacKenzie Bezos doubled the organization's campaign fundraising, according to CNN Money. The referendum appeared on the ballot in November 2012 and was approved.
January 2013: $500,000 to Worldreader, a nonprofit that provides access to e-books and e-readers.
Bezos pledged half a million dollars to Worldreader, a nonprofit that supplies children in underdeveloped countries with access to digital books and e-readers. Bezos' donation went toward boosting the organization's programs in African countries, including Kenya, Ghana, Uganda, and Rwanda.
May 2016: $1 million pledge to match donations to Mary's Place, a homeless nonprofit in Seattle.
In 2016, Bezos pledged to match up to $1 million in donations given to Mary Place during Seattle's annual GiveBig day of philanthropy. Mary's Place, a nonprofit that provides housing to Seattle's homeless population, exceeded its $1 million goal that year, bringing the organization's fundraising total to more than $2 million.
Although this is the only donation Mary's Place has received from Bezos personally, Amazon has turned part of its office space in Seattle into a homeless shelter (pictured above).
May 2017: $1 million to the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press.
The $1 million gift was the largest personal contribution ever at the time to the nonprofit, which advocates and provides resources for journalists and First Amendment rights. The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press' executive director called the donation "an institution-changing gift" for the nonprofit.
Jeff Bezos owns The Washington Post, a historic newspaper he bought for $250 million in August 2013.
January 2018: $33 million to TheDream.us, a nonprofit that funds college scholarships for immigrants.
Bezos donated enough to fund the college education of 1,000 "Dreamers," immigrants who were brought to the US as children. The $33 million donation came during a time when President Donald Trump attempted to end the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program - known as DACA - under which these children were protected from deportation and allowed to work legally in the US.
Bezos said the donation was a nod to his father, Miguel Bezos, who fled to the US from Cuba when he was 15. He later went on to attend college and work as an engineer at Exxon.
September 2018: $10 million to With Honor, a PAC for electing military veterans.
September 2018: $97.5 million to support educational programs for homeless families through the launch of Bezos Day One Fund.
The Bezos Day One Fund is named after the Amazon CEO's longstanding "Day 1" way of thinking. Bezos has pledged $2 billion, and said he plans to use the charity to support homeless families and launch education programs in underserved communities.
The first round of donations, announced in November 2018, went toward organizations supporting homeless families across the US.
November 2019: $98.5 million to fighting homelessness, the second round of funding from Bezos Day One Fund.
In its second round of donations, the Bezos Day One Fund donated $98.5 million to 32 organizations in 23 different states to "support their meaningful, high-impact work to provide shelter and support for young families in communities across the country."
Bezos' second round of donations was unique in that charities were not given specifications on how they can allocate and spend the money they were given.
February 2020: $10 billion to fight climate change through the Bezos Earth Fund.
Bezos announced the launch of the Bezos Earth Fund in February on Instagram. In the post, Bezos said the initiative would fund scientists, activists, and non-profit organizations - "any effort that offers a real possibility to help preserve and protect the natural world."
The fund follows growing pressure from Amazon employees for the company to do more to combat climate change. Following the Earth Fund announcement, some critics called on Bezos to make changes to Amazon's business - such as reducing the amount of packaging for Amazon deliveries - before focusing on world-changing projects.