• In the last few weeks, Europe has seen a spike in coronavirus cases, with the most severe outbreak in Italy.
  • Attractions like The Louvre Museum in Paris, as well as the main cathedral in Milan, have closed due to fears of the virus spreading even further.
  • These pictures show the visible difference between Europe’s most notable landmarks before the outbreak, and during.
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

The coronavirus has since spread to Europe, and is ravaging the tourist industry there.

Its arrival was marked by a dramatic spike in cases in the Lombardy region of Italy, the country with the worst outbreak outside of Asia.

Since then, some of Europe’s most notable landmarks have seen their number of visitors dwindle, or been closed down completely for fear of furthering the spread.

These before-and-after photos show how individual tourist landmarks have been left totally abandoned by the coronavirus outbreak.

BEFORE: The Piazza del Duomo in Milan is the biggest attraction in the city.

Foto: A busy Piazza del Duomo in Milan, Italy, in April 2018. Source: Getty/Oscar Gonzalez

The piazza includes some of Milan's most important buildings, including the Duomo di Milano and the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II.

Over five million people visit the Duomo every year, according to Culture Trip.

AFTER: The famous square is now looking eerily empty as the number of cases in Italy continues to climb.

Foto: The Piazza del Duomo on February 28, 2020, amidst the coronavirus outbreak. Source: Getty/Miguel Medina

Milan's Duomo and La Scala opera house closed to visitors on February 25. Schools, universities, theatres, and cinemas have also been shut in the city, according to The Guardian.

"It's extremely empty. I've never experienced anything like this," Angela Trapani, a Milan local, told the newspaper.

Milan is only a one-hour drive from Lombardy, a region in northern Italy which remains largely on lockdown due to coronavirus fears.

Source: CNN

BEFORE: The Spanish Steps in Rome are a UNESCO world heritage site which attracts millions of picture-taking tourists every year.

Foto: The Spanish Steps on the 10th of February, 2018. Source: Getty Images

In August 2019, the tourist site was so popular that people were fined $278 (€250 ) if they were caught sitting on the steps, The Guardian reported.

AFTER: But as the coronavirus spreads further south, more tourists are refraining from visiting the famous steps.

Foto: Tourists in face masks visit the notably quiet Spanish Steps on February 24, 2020. Source: Getty/Andrea Ronchini

As of March 2, there have been 12 recorded cases in Rome, according to a map published by Italian newspaper La Repubblica.

BEFORE: The Colosseum in Rome is one of the most-visited archaeological sites in the world.

Foto: Tourists near the Colosseum in Rome on May 4, 2016. Source: Silvia Lore/Getty Images

The Unesco world heritage site usually has up to 7.4 million visitors a year, according to a local magazine article from 2018.

Source: Italiani

AFTER: It looks unusually empty, as tourists take precaution and avoid large crowds.

Foto: Visitors in face masks walk past the Colosseum on Tuesday, February 25, 2020 Source: Andrea Ronchini/Getty Images

BEFORE: Near the Colosseum is the Il Vittoriano monument.

Foto: Tourists by Il Vittoriano monument on June 19, 2016. Source: Getty Images

AFTER: Again, the scene is emptier and people are wearing masks.

Foto: Tourists in masks by Il Vittornia on February 25, 2020. Source: Getty Images/y Andrea Ronchini

BEFORE: The Vatican is one of the most popular religious sites in the world, with almost 20,000 people visiting the Sistine Chapel every day in the summer months.

Foto: Tourists by St. Peter's Basilica on August 8, 2017. Source: Raquel Maria Carbonell/Getty Images

AFTER: But even holy sites are facing a downturn.

Foto: Tourists in protective masks in front of St Peter's Basilica on February 28, 2020. Source: Andreas Solaro/Getty Images

BEFORE: The Louvre Museum in Paris, home to the Mona Lisa, is the most visited gallery in the world.

Foto: Tourists at the Louvre Museum on November 16, 2015. Source: Reuters

In January 2019, the fine arts museum saw a record number of 10.2 million visitors, according to the BBC. There are almost 15,000 visitors a day, 65% of which are foreign tourists.

AFTER: On March 1, it was announced that the museum would not open because of the virus.

Foto: The Louvre Museum on March 1, 2020. Source: Kiran Ridley/Getty Images

In a statement, the museum said: "Museum staff gathered to discuss the health situation and the COVID-19 prevention measures taken by the museum following instructions from competent authorities."

A sign in front of the museum, seen in the image above, says: "We will inform you of opening hours as soon as possible. We apologize for any inconvenience caused."

There have been no indications of when it will re-open.

The French government also canceled all public gatherings of 5,000 people or more in confined spaces, including the Paris Half Marathon which was supposed to have happened on Sunday, March 1, the BBC reported.

BEFORE: Venice's popular San Marco square is often packed...

Foto: San Marco square in Venice on June 8, 2019. Source: Miguel Medina/Getty Images

AFTER: But now looks pretty empty, even in Carnival season.

Foto: A relatively empty San Marco square on February 25, 2020. Source: Andrea Pattaro/Getty Images