- The return to in-person office life could fuel changes in transportation and energy consumption.
- How those changes might reflect corporate roles in the climate crisis remains to be determined.
- Jan Freitag, a market-analytics expert, says an accurate assessment can be made around Labor Day.
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With more people getting vaccinated in the US, discussions about employees physically returning to offices (whether full time or in a hybrid of remote and in-person work) are well underway. Signs of getting back to traditional office life raise the question: How might transportation and energy usage be affected?
Before COVID-19, Americans spent an average of 200 hours a year commuting to work. And although most of the country went into lockdown last year, causing people to ditch their regular commutes, demand for larger vehicles continued to grow, in part because of consumer perceptions about safety and greater cargo capacity. The International Energy Agency's 2020 report said that "transportation is still responsible for 24% of direct CO2 emissions from fuel combustion."
Traditional corporate travel for in-person meetings, conferences, and events has also been a massive source of annual CO2 emissions. For example, in 2019, Salesforce staff traveled enough to generate 146,000 metric tons of CO2, equivalent to the output of 17,500 homes in a year.
Jan Freitag, the national director of hospitality market analytics at CoStar Group, said it's too early to tell if work-related expeditions will drastically increase this year. "After Labor Day, we expect a clear demarcated line in the sand about whether people will return to the office or not, restart business travel, as well as whether group travel will happen," Freitag said.
The Labor Day benchmark is used in relation to the beginning of the school year when parents and children will return to the drop-off, pickup schedule. "That drives employers to say, 'You're back to where you were because your kids are back to school, so let's go back to normal where you commute to work,'" Freitag said.
Purchase trends showed that regardless of commute changes, the pandemic hasn't deterred Americans from hitting the road. Not only did electric-bike sales grow by 145% between 2019 and 2020, but this past April, 18.5 million light vehicles were sold - the highest number since 2005 - and electric-car sales saw a 249% increase compared to the same period last year.
One report predicted that electric-car sales will grow significantly in 2022 because of greater affordability and price parity with nonelectric vehicles. The sustainable effects of these trends may depend largely on subsidies and infrastructure investments, such as additional bike lanes, EV charging stations, and parking spaces at office complexes.
Regarding energy usage, as more people return to the office, the biggest difference may pertain to air-conditioning. Out of all commercial buildings, offices consume the most cooling energy. And that's expected to intensify, as a recent report from the US Energy Information Administration predicted that energy consumption for air-conditioning will rise by 29% between 2020 and 2050 because of expectations of warmer temperatures.
Hopefully, companies will focus on sustainable business operations, including preferable work arrangements for employees, that lead to responsible corporate influence on transportation and energy usage. Otherwise, they'll risk significant talent drain.