The US Navy Marine Mammal Program at the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR) started in 1960, when the Navy began studying Notty, a female Pacific white-sided dolphin.

Researchers soon found that dolphins had excellent sonar. The mammals went on to guard an Army ammunition pier in Vietnam’s Cam Ranh Bay, providing surveillance to thwart enemy swimmers, in 1970 and 1971.

In 2002, SPAWAR was allocated $14 million a year through 2020. But it wasn’t until 2003 when dolphins were used to clear mines during the US invasion of Iraq.

Here’s how the Navy uses dolphins to guard nuclear arsenals and spot bad guys in the water.

The US Navy has ships deployed all over the world.

Foto: source US Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Ricardo R. Guzman/Released

And although it has plenty of high-tech weaponry …

Foto: source John F. Williams/US Navy

… the Navy has some weapons that are most-decidedly low-tech: dolphins.

Foto: source Specialist 2nd Class Joshua Scott/US Navy

The service trains dolphins to use their sonar abilities to locate undersea mines …

Foto: source Trice Denny/US Navy

… and guard harbors against enemy divers.

Foto: source Specialist 3rd Class Daniel A. Barker/US Navy

And Flipper is surprisingly good at his job.

Foto: source Associated Press

In 1987, when the US got involved in the Iran-Iraq war to protect Kuwaiti oil exports, dolphins were deployed to protect the Third Fleet flagship anchored off Bahrain.

Foto: source Wikimedia Commons

The Navy’s dolphin force was also on hand helping to clear the waters in the Persian Gulf ahead of the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

Foto: A U.S. Marine covers the face of a statue of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein with a U.S. flag in Baghdad April 9, 2003. source REUTERS TV REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

Ditto in 2012, when dolphins were used in the Strait of Hormuz to spot Iranian mines planted in an attempt to block oil shipments.

Foto: source Specialist 3rd Class Craig Z. Rodarte/US Navy

When the dolphins find something of interest, they swim back to their trainers to get a transponder so the mine or enemy diver can be found by a human.

Foto: source Daisy Abonza/US Navy

Some rumors abound that dolphins have been trained to kill enemy divers with compressed gas needles, but the Navy adamantly denies this.

Foto: source Steven Straiton/Flickr

Source: Business Insider

A former Navy officer turned animal activist also claims the CIA asked him to train dolphins to plant explosives on enemy ships in the 1970s, but he turned them down. Animal activists still voice their opposition to the military use of dolphins.

Foto: source Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Joshua Scott/US Navy

Source: Business Insider

Dolphins aren’t just used in wartime settings. In 2009, the Navy deployed four dolphins to New Caledonia in an international humanitarian project to remove mines left over from World War II.

Foto: source Tech. Sgt. Cohen A. Young/US Navy

And they are also helping to guard one of the world’s biggest nuclear arsenals at Naval Base Kitsap in Washington.

Foto: source James Kimber/U.S. Navy/Handout via Reuters

Source: Business Insider